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Zakāt al-Fitrah is a religious obligation for those who are financially able and is to be paid on behalf of one’s self and all dependents whom one supports financially. According to the Fatāwā of the Marājiʿ, one who is carrying out the obligation of Zakāt al-Fitrah must give to those who meet the requirements *locally*. Only after searching and not finding needy locals may it be transferred out-of-town.
The amount is approximately *3 kilograms* of a single local food staple or its cash equivalent per person. The suggested amount for this year (per person) is *$15* (approximate cash equivalent of 6.61 lb of chicken in bulk).
Zakāt al-Fitrah becomes wajib (obligatory) after sunset on the eve of Eidul Fitr. The Zakāt al-Fitrah should be paid or set aside at the latest before Eid prayers for those who will perform the prayers, or before midday (the time of dhuhr prayers) for those who will not perform Eid prayers. It can be submitted before the night of Eid by giving it as a loan and then changing your intention from it being a “loan” to “Zakāt al-Fitrah” when the time has arrived to give the Zakāt al-Fitrah.
If you need to pay Fidyah because:
a) you are an expecting mother and you could not fast due to being in the late term of pregnancy and fear of harm on the child, or
b) you are a nursing mother and you could not fast due to fear of a low milk supply, or
c) you have a prolonged medical reason for not being able to fast that prevented you from fasting in the last month of Ramadan (2020) and also prevented you from making up the missed fasts throughout the year, or
d) you had Qadā fasts to make up from the last month of Ramadan but you did not make them due to negligence (this is also known as Kaffārah of Ta’khīr),
the suggested Fidyah amount is *$4 for each missed day of fasting*. This amount will be used to purchase the equivalent of 750 grams of food for the needy.
Note: If you have a long-term medical condition that prevents you from fasting, you must wait til the next month of Ramadan (2022) to give the Fidyah for each day of missed fasting of this year.